Hermaphrodite (Intersex)This is a featured page

Symptoms
The symptoms associated with intersex will depend on the underlying cause, but may include: · Ambiguous genitalia at birth · Micropenis · Clitoromegaly (an enlarged clitoris) · Partial labial fusion · Apparently undescended testes (which may turn out to be ovaries) in boys · Labial or inguinal (groin) masses -- which may turn out to be testes -- in girls · Hypospadias (the opening of the penis is somewhere other than at the tip; in females, the urethra [urine canal] opens into the vagina) · Otherwise unusual appearing genitalia at birth · Electrolyte abnormalities · Delayed or absent puberty · Unexpected changes at puberty.


Hermaphrodite (Intersex) - EHS Anatomy & Physiology Hermaphrodite (Intersex) - EHS Anatomy & Physiology
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Treatment Chromosomal, neural, hormonal, psychological, and behavioral factors can all influence gender identity. Many experts now urge delaying definitive surgery for as long as healthy, and ideally involving the child in the gender decision. An intersex support group may help acquaint families with the latest research, and may provide a community of other families, children, and adult individuals who have faced the same issues.

Causes
46, XX Intersex: The person has the chromosomes of a woman, the ovaries of a woman, but external (outside) genitals that appear male. This often occurs when fetus is exposed to high amounts of male hormones.
46, XY Intersex: The person has the chromosomes of a man, but the external genitals are incompletely formed, ambiguous, or clearly female. Internally, testes may be normal, malformed, or absent. There is problems with the testes, and the formation of testosterone.
True Gonadal Intersex: the person must have both ovarian and testicular tissue. This might be in the same gonad (an ovotestis), or the person might have one ovary and one testis. The external genitals may be ambiguous or may appear to be female or male. Exact causes are unknown, although in some animal studies it has been linked to exposure to common agricultural pesticides.
Complex or Undetermined Intersex: cases have an extra sex chromosome, either an X or a Y. These disorders do not result in an intersex condition where there is discrepancy between internal and external genitalia. However, there may be problems with sex hormone levels, overall sexual development, and altered numbers of sex chromosomes.

Tests and Diagnosis · Chromosome analysis · Hormone levels (for example, testosterone level) · Hormone stimulation tests · Electrolyte tests · Specific molecular testing · Endoscopic examination (to verify the absence or presence of a vagina or cervix) · Ultrasound or MRI to evaluate whether internal sex organs are present (for example, a uterus)

Prognosis With understanding, support, and appropriate treatment, overall outlook is excellent.



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marlieb
Latest page update: made by marlieb , May 18 2010, 3:53 AM EDT (about this update About This Update marlieb Edited by marlieb

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Keyword tags: Hermahrodite Intersex
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